How To Prepare Spells in DND 5e

The method of preparing spells before casting them has been explained in this article along with all the basics of what exactly a spell is in the game od Dungeons and Dragons. The methods are based on the Player’s Handbook of the game. 

Dungeons and Dragons, popularly abbreviated as D & D or D n D, has been a part of Wizards of the Coast (a subsidiary of Hasbro and a renowned American game publisher) since 1997.

Belonging to the category of a fantasy tabletop role-playing game Dungeons and Dragons was published initially in 1974 by Tactical Studies Rules, Inc. (TSR). A tabletop role-playing game is a kind of Role-Playing Game wherein the players or participants can describe their characters’ actions through speech and the actions may succeed or fail to depend upon the rules set by the game.

The players free to improvise different actions during the course of the game which would then decide on the direction or outcome taken by the game. 

D&D Gameplay

D & D allows the players to create their own character for the gameplay instead of using a pre-existing military formation. The characters of the game now embark on a variety of imaginary adventures that are based on a fantasy set-up.

As said in this article, gameplay involves social interactions, magic or spells, combat


One problem that is often faced by the players of Dungeons and Dragons is the fact that casting a spell can prove to be a difficult and confusing task because of the rules involved in the process. The foremost thing that a player requires for casting spells is a spell slot.

One spell slot is used every time the player casts a spell and can be renewed after a period of “long rest”. Each spell slot and spell have a different level and when the player casts a spell, he uses up a spell slot of the same level or of a higher level.

Although the user can use a spell slot of the same level, the reason behind using a slot of the higher level could be either of the following:

  • The player has exhausted his spell slots of the same level for the day and still wants to cast a spell.
  • Some spells react with a higher power when cast by using a higher spell slot. 


The characters of the game are divided into different classes. While the players of some classes know all the spells and don’t have to learn new spells, the other classes must keep learning new and different spells.

For example, a person belonging to the ‘Cleric’ class have the entire pool of spells to work with during the game and do not have the need to learn new spells while on the other hand, the players of the ‘Wizard’ class have their own spellbook and can only use the spells that they know.

Any new spell learned by this class can be added to this spellbook. Another example would be that of ‘Sorcerer’ who have a limited number of spells for using though the presence of a spellbook is missing. 

How To Prepare Spells in D&D 5e

The process of casting spells now includes preparing the spells before it is cast which means choosing a spell from the known spells and ‘placing the spells in mind’ before casting them.

For preparing the spell, the player first needs to choose a certain number of spells (from the spells known to him or the spellbook). The spells must be equal to the Intelligence modifier + the level of the spell caster (choose minimum one spell). Ensure that the chosen spells are of the same or lower level of the spell slots available to the player. 

 For example, the player is playing as 3rd level Wizard. The game rules entitle her to own four 1st level spells slots and two 2nd level spell slots. With an Intelligence of 16, the player is permitted to use six Wizard spells of up to the 2nd level spells (his highest level of spell slot).

The player can cast any spell during the gameplay and doesn’t have to prepare the same spell twice before casting it multiple times. When the available spell slots have been exhausted, the player can take a long resting break and regain all the available spell slots.

Some points that the player needs to keep in mind include:

  • The spells don’t have to be prepared twice even after the characters take a ‘long rest’. 
  • Casting a prepared spell uses up a spell slot but the spell is not removed from the list of the spells prepared by the players. 
  • The spell casters who know their class spells are the ones who need to prepare them for casting as well. 

Although all spells need to be prepared before casting and use up a spell slot, there is a group of spells that is an exception to this rule and is known as ‘Cantrips’ which can be cast without having to prepare them and neither do they use up spell slots. The player can cast a Cantrip for free whenever they wish to. 

The new rule of not having to re-prepare spells after it has been prepared once has been introduced in the new edition of D & D 5e and has proved to be an update loved by all the old fans of the game.

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